Starting from age of three children can ask you questions like “Where did I come from?” “Why does dad stand up when he’s peeing?” In these cases you have to give simple and honest answers. You can use books that illustrate different parts of body – even when you haven’t yet received a question from your child. It is a good moment to explain what is acceptable behaviour in public, at home, difference between wanted and unwanted touching.
When your child is 8 years old, he’s already discovered many things about how the body works. Still, you need to explain how his body will change while growing up. It is important because some girls start having period when they’re only 8 years old. You need to tell boys as well about periods and how their own body will change.
You should talk about these things before your child graduates primary school:
what to expect at puberty and periods (menstruation);
romantic relationships, marriage and permanent relationships;
sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV and AIDS;
gay and lesbian relationships;
how to avoid doing things they don’t want to do and how to protect themselves.
Talking about these issues when your child is 9–11 years old will help him to better understand things that are talked about at school, television, books, magazines and internet. It will also prepare your kid for puberty.